Gerrit Thomas Rietveld
The young Gerrit Rietveld (1888-1964) worked in his father’s furniture workshop, where he learned the trade. From 1904 till 1913 he trained as a draftsman in the goldsmith's shop of C.J.A. Begeer, during which he also took evening classes in architectural drawing. After he started his own furniture workshop in Utrecht, Rietveld met Theo van Doesburg and J.J.P. Oud, who, like him, worked with geometric shapes. In 1919 Rietveld became one of the first members of De Stijl. In the years that followed, Rietveld worked on various furniture designs and buildings, including the Schröder House in Utrecht and the red-blue chair. In 1928 Rietveld became a member of the Congrès Internationaux d'Architecture Moderne (CIAM). At the end of his career, Rietveld became internationally renowned. He is seen as a pioneer of modernism.